Paternity disputes may be launched if child paternity is in question.
This normally occurs when the mother seeks to obtain maintenance payments from the person she believes is the child’s father.
The court considers whether or not the mother and father were married or in a relationship at the time of conception, and may request paternity testing.
Tests currently acknowledged under South African law include:
- Blood tests
- HLA tissue typing that analyses white blood cells
- DNA testing that can also trace family genealogy